French Vocabulary: Basic Phrases

English to French audio flashcards from

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If a phrase or question is formal, you should use it with people you do not know, people who are older, and those to whom you want to show respect. In addition, the formal you is also used as the plural you. If a phrase or question is informal, you should use it with family members, close friends, and children.

Hello / Good day / Good morningBonjour

Good eveningBonsoir

Good night (only said when going to bed)Bonne nuit

Hi / ByeSalut

GoodbyeAu revoir

Please (formal)S'il vous plaît

Thank you (very much)Merci (beaucoup)

You're welcome. (informal)De rien

Welcome (also You're welcome in Quebec)Bienvenu(e)

See you in a little whileA tout à l'heure

See you laterA plus tard

See you soonA bientôt

See you tomorrowA demain

I'm sorryJe suis désolé(e)

Excuse me! (pushing through a crowd) / Sorry! (stepped on someone's foot)Pardon !

Let's goAllons-y !

How are you? (formal)Comment allez-vous ?

How are you? (informal)Ça va ?

Very goodTrès bien

I'm fine / I'm wellJe vais bien

I'm fine (in response to Ça va ?)Ça va.



Not bad Pas mal


What's your name? (formal)Comment vous appelez-vous ?

What's your name? (informal)Tu t'appelles comment ?

My name is...Je m'appelle...

Nice to meet youEnchanté(e)

Mister / SirMonsieur

Mrs. / Madam / Ma'amMadame


Ladies and gentlemenMesdames et messieurs

Where are you from? (formal)Vous êtes d'où ?

Where are you from? (informal)Tu es d'où ?

I am from...Je suis de...

Where do you live? (formal)Où habitez-vous ?

Where do you live? (informal)Tu habites où ?

I live in...J'habite à...

How old are you? (formal)Quel âge avez-vous ?

How old are you? (informal)Tu as quel âge ?

I am ____ years old.J'ai ____ ans.

Do you speak French? (formal)Parlez-vous français ?

Do you speak English? (informal)Tu parles anglais ?

I don't speak Spanish.Je ne parle pas espagnol.

Do you understand? (formal)Comprenez-vous?

Do you understand? (informal)Tu comprends?

I don't understandJe ne comprends pas

I don't knowJe ne sais pas

Can you help me? (formal)Pouvez-vous m'aider ?

Can you help me? (informal)Tu peux m'aider ?

Of courseBien sûr.

I beg your pardon? / I'm sorry?Comment?

Where is... ?Où est ... ?

Where are... ?Où sont ... ?

Here is / areVoici

There it is.Voilà

There is / areIl y a

There was / wereIl y avait

How do you say ________ in French?Comment dit-on _____ en français ?

What is that?Qu'est-ce que c'est que ça ?

What's the matter?Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?

It doesn't matter.Ça ne fait rien.

What's happening?Qu'est-ce qui se passe ?

I have no ideaJe n'ai aucune idée.

I'm tiredJe suis fatigué(e)

I'm sickJe suis malade

I'm hungryJ'ai faim

I'm thirstyJ'ai soif

I'm hotJ'ai chaud

I'm coldJ'ai froid

I'm boredJe m'ennuie

It's all the same to me.Ça m'est égal.

I don't care. (informal)Je m'en fiche.

Don't worry! (formal)Ne vous en faites pas.

Don't worry! (informal)Ne t'en fais pas.

It's alright.Ce n'est pas grave.

I forgot.J'ai oublié.

I have to go.Je dois y aller.

Bless you! (formal; when someone sneezes)A vos souhaits !

Bless you! (informal; when someone sneezes)A tes souhaits !

Congratulations!Félicitations !

Good luck!Bonne chance !

It's your turn! (formal)C'est à vous !

It's your turn! (informal)C'est à toi !

Be quiet! (formal)Taisez-vous !

Be quiet! (informal)Tais-toi !

I love you. (formal & plural)Je vous aime

I love you. (informal)Je t'aime

Here (formal; when handing something over)Tenez

Here (informal; when handing something over)Tiens

What's new?Quoi de neuf ?

Not much.Pas grand-chose.

You're welcome. (formal) / Go ahead.Je vous en prie.

Please (informal)S'il te plaît

Excuse me! (getting someone's attention) / I'm sorry! (more formal apology)Excusez-moi !

Where do you come from? (formal)Vous venez d'où ?

Where do you come from? (informal)Tu viens d'où ?

I understandJe comprends

I knowJe sais

I speak GermanJe parle allemand

I miss you. (informal)Tu me manques


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