Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Have (avoir / avere / tener / ter)

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Spanish and Portuguese both have two verbs meaning have in English. In Spanish, tener is used to show possession (to have, to own, to possess), while haber is the verb used as the auxiliary verb in perfect tenses to mean have/had (followed by the past participle). In Portuguese, ter means to have, own or possess and it is the preferred auxiliary verb to form the perfect tenses, but haver can also be used. Go to haber / haver conjugations.

English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to have avoir avere tener ter
Present ai ho tengo tenho
  as hai tienes tens
  a ha tiene tem
  avons abbiamo tenemos temos
  avez avete tenéis tendes
  ont hanno tienen têm
Imperfect avais avevo tenía tinha
  avais avevi tenías tinhas
  avait aveva tenía tinha
  avions avevamo teníamos tínhamos
  aviez avevate teníais tínheis
  avaient avevano tenían tinham
Preterite / Simple Past eus ebbi tuve tive
(rare in French or Italian speech) eus avesti tuviste tiveste
  eut ebbe tuvo teve
  eûmes avemmo tuvimos tivemos
  eûtes aveste tuvisteis tivestes
  eurent ebbero tuvieron tiveram
Future aurai avrò tendré terei
  auras avrai tendrás terás
  aura avrà tendrá terá
  aurons avremo tendremos teremos
  aurez avrete tendréis tereis
  auront avranno tendrán terão
Conditional aurais avrei tendría teria
  aurais avresti tendrías terias
  aurait avrebbe tendría teria
  aurions avremmo tendríamos teríamos
  auriez avreste tendríais teríeis
  auraient avrebbero tendrían teriam
Present Subjunctive aie abbia tenga tenha
  aies abbia tengas tenhas
  ait abbia tenga tenha
  ayons abbiamo tengamos tenhamos
  ayez abbiate tengáis tenhais
  aient abbiano tengan tenham
Imperfect Subjunctive eusse avessi tuviera tivesse
(rare in French speech) eusses avessi tuvieras tivesses
(alternative Spanish below) eût avesse tuviera tivesse
  eussions avessimo tuviéramos tivéssemos
  eussiez aveste tuvierais tivésseis
  eussent avessero tuvieran tivessem
Future Subjunctive tuviere tiver
(rare in Spanish speech) tuvieres tiveres
(no French or Italian) tuviere tiver
  tuviéremos tivermos
  tuviereis tiverdes
  tuvieren tiverem
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you aie abbi ten tem
Singular formal you ayez abbia tenga tenha
Let's... ayons abbiamo tengamos tenhamos
Plural familiar you ayez abbiate tened tende
Plural formal you ayez abbiano tengan tenham
Negative Imperative
Singular familiar you n'aie pas non avere no tengas não tenhas
Singular formal you n'ayez pas non abbia no tenga não tenha
Let's not... n'ayons pas non abbiamo no tengamos não tenhamos
Plural familiar you n'ayez pas non abbiate no tengáis não tenhais
Plural formal you n'ayez pas non abbiano no tengan não tenham
Gerund ayant avendo teniendo tendo
Present Participle ayant avente teniendo tendo
Past Participle eu avuto tenido tido
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

tuviera / tuviese
tuvieras / tuvieses
tuviera / tuviese
tuviéramos / tuviésemos
tuvierais / tuvieseis
tuvieran / tuviesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.



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