Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Have (avoir, avere, haber / tener, ter)

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English French Italian Spanish Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive avoir avere haber tener ter
Present ai ho he tengo tenho
  as hai has tienes tens
  a ha ha tiene tem
  avons abbiamo hemos tenemos temos
  avez avete habéis tenéis tendes
  ont hanno han tienen têm
Imperfect avais avevo había tenía tinha
  avais avevi habías tenías tinhas
  avait aveva había tenía tinha
  avions avevamo habíamos teníamos tínhamos
  aviez avevate habíais teníais tínheis
  avaient avevano habían tenían tinham
Preterite / Simple Past eus ebbi hube tuve tive
(rare in French or Italian speech) eus avesti hubiste tuviste tiveste
  eut ebbe hubo tuvo teve
  eûmes avemmo hubimos tuvimos tivemos
  eûtes aveste hubisteis tuvisteis tivestes
  eurent ebbero hubieron tuvieron tiveram
Future aurai avrò habré tendré terei
  auras avrai habrás tendrás terás
  aura avrà habrá tendrá terá
  aurons avremo habremos tendremos teremos
  aurez avrete habréis tendréis tereis
  auront avranno habrán tendrán terão
Conditional aurais avrei habría tendría teria
  aurais avresti habrías tendrías terias
  aurait avrebbe habría tendría teria
  aurions avremmo habríamos tendríamos teríamos
  auriez avreste habríais tendríais teríeis
  auraient avrebbero habrían tendrían teriam
Present Subjunctive aie abbia haya tenga tenha
  aies abbia hayas tengas tenhas
  ait abbia haya tenga tenha
  ayons abbiamo hayamos tengamos tenhamos
  ayez abbiate hayáis tengáis tenhais
  aient abbiano hayan tengan tenham
Imperfect Subjunctive eusse avessi hubiera / hubiese tuviera / tuviese tivesse
(rare in French speech) eusses avessi hubieras / hubieses tuvieras / tuvieses tivesses
  eût avesse hubiera / hubiese tuviera / tuviese tivesse
  eussions avessimo hubiéramos / hubiésemos tuviéramos / tuviésemos tivéssemos
  eussiez aveste hubierais / hubieseis tuvierais / tuvieseis tivésseis
  eussent avessero hubieran / hubiesen tuvieran / tuviesen tivessem
Future Subjunctive hubiere tuviere tiver
(rare in Spanish speech) hubieres tuvieres tiveres
  hubiere tuviere tiver
  hubiéremos tuviéremos tivermos
  hubiereis tuviereis tiverdes
  hubieren tuvieren tiverem
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you aie abbi he ten tem
Singular formal you ayez abbia haya tenga tenha
Let's... ayons abbiamo hayamos tengamos tenhamos
Plural familiar you ayez abbiate habed tened tende
Plural formal you ayez abbiano hayan tengan tenham
Negative Imperative
Singular familiar you n'aie pas non avere no hayas no tengas não tenhas
Singular formal you n'ayez pas non abbia no haya no tenga não tenha
Let's not... n'ayons pas non abbiamo no hayamos no tengamos não tenhamos
Plural familiar you n'ayez pas non abbiate no hayáis no tengáis não tenhais
Plural formal you n'ayez pas non abbiano no hayan no tengan não tenham
Gerund / Present Participle ayant avendo / avente habiendo teniendo tendo
Past Participle eu avuto habido tenido tido
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber haber ter

In Spanish, haber is the verb used in auxiliary tenses to mean have/had (followed by the past participle), while tener is used to show possession (to have, to own, to possess). Haber is also the verb used to express there is/are (hay) and there was/were (había).

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