Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -re / - ere / -re Verbs

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
-re verbs -ere verbs -er verbs -er verbs
Infinitive: to sell vendre vendere vender vender
Present vends vendo vendo vendo
vends vendi vendes vendes
vend vende vende vende
vendons vendiamo vendemos vendemos
vendez vendete vendéis vendeis
vendent vendono venden vendem
Imperfect vendais vendevo vendía vendia
vendais vendevi vendías vendias
vendait vendeva vendía vendia
vendions vendevamo vendíamos vendíamos
vendiez vendevate vendíais vendíeis
vendaient vendevano vendían vendiam
Preterite / Simple Past vendis vendei / vendetti vendí vendi
(rare in French or Italian speech) vendis vendesti vendiste vendeste
vendit vendè / vendette vendió vendeu
vendîmes vendemmo vendimos vendemos
vendîtes vendeste vendisteis vendestes
vendirent venderono / vendettero vendieron venderam
Future vendrai venderò venderé venderei
vendras venderai venderás venderás
vendra venderà venderá venderá
vendrons venderemo venderemos venderemos
vendrez venderete venderéis vendereis
vendront venderanno venderán venderão
Conditional vendrais venderei vendería venderia
vendrais venderesti venderías venderias
vendrait venderebbe vendería venderia
vendrions venderemmo venderíamos venderíamos
vendriez vendereste venderíais venderíeis
vendraient venderebbero venderían venderiam
Present Subjunctive vende venda venda venda
vendes venda vendas vendas
vende venda venda venda
vendions vendiamo vendamos vendamos
vendiez vendiate vendáis vendais
vendent vendano vendan vendam
Imperfect Subjunctive vendisse vendessi vendiera vendesse
(rare in French speech) vendisses vendessi vendieras vendesses
(alternative Spanish below) vendît vendesse vendiera vendesse
  vendissions vendessimo vendiéramos vendêssemos
  vendissiez vendeste vendierais vendêsseis
  vendissent vendessero vendieran vendessem
Future Subjunctive     vendiere vender
(rare in Spanish speech)     vendieres venderes
(no French or Italian)     vendiere vender
    vendiéremos vendermos
    vendiereis venderdes
    vendieren venderem
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you vends vendi vende vende
Singular formal you vendez venda venda venda
Let's... vendons vendiamo vendamos vendamos
Plural familiar you vendez vendete vended vendei
Plural formal you vendez vendano vendan vendam
Negative Imperative        
Singular familiar you ne vends pas non vendere no vendas não vendas
Singular formal you ne vendez pas non venda no venda não venda
Let's not... ne vendons pas non vendiamo no vendamos não vendamos
Plural familiar you ne vendez pas non vendete no vendáis não vendais
Plural formal you ne vendez pas non vendano no vendan não vendam
Gerund vendant vendendo vendiendo vendendo
Present Participle vendant vendente vendiendo vendendo
Past Participle vendu venduto vendido vendido
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

vendiera / vendiese
vendieras / vendieses
vendiera / vendiese
vendiéramos / vendiésemos
vendierais / vendieseis
vendieran / vendiesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.


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