Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Regular -ir / - ire / -ir Verbs

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
-ir verbs -ire verbs -ir verbs -ir verbs
Infinitive: to leave partir partire partir partir
Present pars parto parto parto
pars parti partes partes
part parte parte parte
partons partiamo partimos partimos
partez partite partis partis
partent partono parten partem
Imperfect partais partivo partía partia
partais partivi partías partias
partait partiva partía partia
partions partivamo partíamos partíamos
partiez partivate partíais partíeis
partaient partivano partían partiam
Preterite / Simple Past partis partii parti parti
(rare in French or Italian speech) partis partisti partiste partiste
  partit partì partió partiu
  partîmes partimmo partimos partimos
  partîtes partiste partisteis partistes
  partirent partirono partieron partiram
Future partirai partirò partiré partirei
partiras partirai partirás partirás
partira partirà partirá partirá
partirons partiremo partiremos partiremos
partirez partirete partiréis partireis
partiront partiranno partirán partirão
Conditional partirais partirei partiría partiria
partirais partiresti partirías partirias
partirait partirebbe partiría partiria
partirions partiremmo partiríamos partiríamos
partiriez partireste partiríais partiríeis
partiraient partirebbero partirían partiriam
Present Subjunctive parte parta parta parta
partes parta partas partas
parte parta parta parta
partions partiamo partamos partamos
partiez partiate partáis partais
partent partano partan partam
Imperfect Subjunctive partisse partissi partiera partisse
(rare in French speech) partisses partissi partieras partisses
(alternative Spanish below) partît partisse partiera partisse
  partissions partissimo partiéramos partíssemos
  partissiez partiste partierais partísseis
  partissent partissero partieran partissem
Future Subjunctive     partiere partir
(rare in Spanish speech)     partieres partires
(no French or Italian)     partiere partir
      partiéremos partirmos
      partiereis partirdes
      partieren partirem
Affirmative Imperative
Singular familiar you pars parti parte parte
Singular formal you partez parta parta parta
Let's... partons partiamo partamos partamos
Plural familiar you partez partite parted parti
Plural formal you partez partano partan partam
Negative Imperative        
Singular familiar you ne pars pas non partire no partas não partas
Singular formal you ne partez pas non parta no parta não parta
Let's not... ne partons pas non partiamo no partamos não partamos
Plural familiar you ne partez pas non partite no partáis não partais
Plural formal you ne partez pas non partano no partan não partam
Gerund partant partendo partiendo partindo
Present Participle partant partente partiendo partindo
Past Participle parti partito partido partido
Auxiliary verb in perfect tenses être essere haber ter


There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

partiera / partiese
partieras / partieses
partiera / partiese
partiéramos / partiésemos
partierais / partieseis
partieran / partiesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)


For regular verbs, the personal infinitive in Portuguese is identical to the future subjunctive.


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