Learn Romance Languages Verb Conjuations Together - French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Vocabulary Side-by-Side

Romance Languages Verbs: Conjugations of Say/Tell (dire / dire / decir / dizer)

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English French Italian Spanish Portuguese
Infinitive: to say / tell dire dire decir dizer
         
Present dis dico digo digo
  dis dici dices dizes
  dit dice dice diz
  disons diciamo decimos dizemos
  dites dite decís dizeis
  disent dicono dicen dizem
         
Imperfect disais dicevo decía dizia
  disais dicevi decías dizias
  disait diceva decía dizia
  disions dicevamo decíamos dizíamos
  disiez dicevate decíais dizíeis
  disaient dicevano decían diziam
         
Preterite / Simple Past dis dissi dije disse
(rare in French or Italian speech) dis dicesti dijiste disseste
dit disse dijo disse
dîmes dicemmo dijimos dissemos
dîtes diceste dijisteis dissestes
dirent dissero dijeron disseram
         
Future dirai dirò diré direi
diras dirai dirás dirás
dira dirà dirá dirá
dirons diremo diremos diremos
direz direte diréis direis
diront diranno dirán dirão
         
Conditional dirais direi diría diria
dirais diresti dirías dirias
dirait direbbe diría diria
dirions diremmo diríamos diríamos
diriez direste diríais diríeis
diraient direbbero dirían diriam
         
Present Subjunctive dise dica diga diga
dises dica digas digas
dise dica diga diga
disions diciamo digamos digamos
disiez diciate digáis digais
disent dicano digan digam
         
Imperfect Subjunctive disse dicessi dijera dissesse
(rare in French speech) disses dicessi dijeras dissesses
(alternative Spanish below) dît dicesse dijera dissesse
  dissions dicessimo dijéramos disséssemos
  dissiez diceste dijerais dissésseis
  dissent dicessero dijeran dissessem
         
Future Subjunctive     dijere disser
(rare in Spanish speech)     dijeres disseres
(no French or Italian)     dijere disser
      dijéremos dissermos
      dijereis disserdes
      dijeren disserem
         
Affirmative Imperative        
Singular familiar you dis di' di diz
Singular formal you dites dica diga diga
Let's... disons diciamo digamos digamos
Plural familiar you dites dite decid dizei
Plural formal you dites dicano digan digam
       
Negative Imperative        
Singular familiar you ne dis pas non dire no digas não digas
Singular formal you ne dites pas non dica no diga não diga
Let's not... ne disons pas non diciamo no diagamos não digamos
Plural familiar you ne dites pas non dite no digáis não digais
Plural formal you ne dites pas non dicano no digan não digam
         
Gerund disant dicendo diciendo dizendo
Present Participle disant dicente diciendo dizendo
Past Participle dit detto dicho dito
         
Auxiliary verb used in perfect tenses avoir avere haber ter

 

There is an alternative form of the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish, which is more similar to Portuguese. Simply replace -ra- with -se- for all conjugations:

dijera / dijese
dijeras / dijeses
dijera / dijese
dijéramos / dijésemos
dijerais / dijeseis
dijeran / dijesen

There is an alternative form of the past perfect in Portugueuse which only uses one word rather than an auxiliary verb + past participle. These conjugations are quite similar to the imperfect subjunctive conjugations using -ra- in Spanish. However, this simple form is only used in formal or literary Portuguese. (Note that the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish using -ra- can also be used in formal or literary language as an alternative to the compound past perfect.)

dissera
disseras
dissera
disséramos
disséreis
disseram

The personal infinitive in Portuguese uses the infinitive as the stem + the endings of the future subjunctive.

dizer
dizeres
dizer
dizermos
dizerdes
dizerem


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