This tutorial was written by Ömer & Mehmet Sener. If you are interested in authentic uses of language, go to Turkish realia for photos taken in Turkey.
To Be Suffixes in Turkish
The forms of the verb to be are used as suffixes.
|ben -im||I am||biz -iz||we are|
|sen -sin||you are (sing.)||siz -siniz||you are (plural)|
|o -dur||he / she / it is||onlar -dırlar||they are|
The suffixes –dur and –dırlar are mostly omitted in speech, and they can sometimes be left out in the written language.
The vowels used in the suffix “to be” shift with Vowel Harmony, which is the topic of the next section.
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