Germanic Languages Comparative Vocabulary: Possessive Adjectives & Pronouns


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English German Dutch Afrikaans Swedish
possessive adjectives
my mein / meine mijn my min / mitt / mina
your (sing, inf) dein / deine jouw (je) jou din / ditt / dina
your (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u sin / sitt / sina
his sein / seine zijn sy hans
her ihr / ihre haar haar hennes
its sein / seine zijn sy dess
our unser / unsere ons / onze ons vår / vårt / våra
your (plur, inf) euer / eure jullie (je) julle (jul) er / ert / era
your (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre uw u er / ert / era
their ihr / ihre hun hulle (hul) deras
possessive pronouns
mine mein / meine de / het mijne myne min / mitt / mina
yours (sing, inf) dein / deine de / het jouwe joune din / ditt / dina
yours (sing, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n sin / sitt / sina
his sein / seine de / het zijne syne hans
hers ihr / ihre de / het hare hare hennes
its sein / seine de / het zijne syne dess
ours unser / unsere de / het onze ons s'n vår / vårt / våra
yours (plur, inf) euer / eure van jou julle s'n er / ert / era
yours (plur, for) Ihr / Ihre de / het uwe u s'n er / ert / era
theirs ihr / ihre de / het hunne hulle s'n deras



German possessive adjectives must change according to gender, number and case. The forms given above are masculine and neuter nominative / feminine and plural nominative.

In Dutch, ons is used with singular neuter nouns, and onze is used with singular common nouns and all plural nouns. The words in parentheses in Dutch and Afrikaans are the unstressed forms found in informal speech and writing.

Swedish possessive adjectives and pronouns change form according to gender and number. The first form is used with en words, the second is used with ett words and the third is used with plural nouns.

Notice that the definite article is required for Dutch possessive pronouns and that there is no possessive pronoun corresponding to the adjective jullie. The phrase van jou is used instead (literally, of you).

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