These are very common in Icelandic. Simply, they are verbs that require the subject to be in a case other than the nominative, which is usually the case the subject has to be in. The following are used with the accusative case (acc) and/or dative case (dat):
Acc + langar í + acc = … would like …
Acc + vantar + acc = … lacks … (ie, I don’t have…. So can I borrow…)
Acc + þyrstir = … is thirsty
Dat + finnst + acc = … thinks …
Dat + líður á + acc = … likes …
These are the most common impersonal verbs. Another useful one is dat + vera (conjugated form) kalt: eg þér ert kalt means you are cold.
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