German Object Pronouns

Learn direct and indirect object pronouns in German

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German Object Pronouns

Subject (Nom.) Direct Objects (Acc.) Indirect Objects (Dat.)
ich I mich me mir (to) me
du you (fam.) dich you dir (to) you
er he ihn him ihm (to) him
sie she sie her ihr (to) her
es it es it ihm (to) it
wir we uns us uns (to) us
ihr you (pl.) euch you euch (to) you
sie they sie them ihnen (to) them
Sie you (pol.) Sie you Ihnen (to) you

 

If there are two nouns in a sentence, one accusative and one dative, then the dative noun will be first. However, if there are two pronouns, one accusative and one dative, then the accusative pronoun will be first. In sentences with one noun and one pronoun (regardless of which is accusative or dative), the pronoun will be first.

Some verbs always take indirect objects, even if they take direct objects in English. For verbs that can take two objects, the direct object will usually be a thing, and the indirect object will usually refer to a person.

antworten to answer (a person) The following four need an object as a subject:
schenken to give schaden to be harmful to
bringen to bring schmecken to taste good to
danken to thank stehen to suit
zuhören to listen to passen to fit
gehören to belong to The following two need the subject and object
inverted from the original English construction:
glauben to believe
helfen to help
gratulieren to congratulate fehlen to be missing to
begegnen to meet gefallen to be pleasing to
vertrauen to trust    
empfehlen to recommend    
geben to give    
kaufen to buy    
leihen to lend, borrow    
sagen to tell, say    
schicken to give as a gift    
schreiben to write    
wünschen to wish    
zeigen to show    

 


 

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